MINES CONTENT MANAGEMENT SYSTEM
WORKING WITH HYPERLINKS
The Mines Content Management System (CMS) is a web-based application that allows
web site owners and administrators to update pages, add images, and upload documents
without any prior web development experience. This tutorial explains how to use the CMS
to create and edit links from one web page to another.
For the purposes of this tutorial, the terms URL, web address, and address will be used
interchangeably. These terms all refer to the location of a web page (or resource)
revealed in a web browserʼs address ﬁeld (shown below).
A web pageʼs URL is displayed in the browserʼs address bar. The URL in the example above is
CMS users can easily create links to other web pages by using the “Insert/Edit Link”
function in the CMS Editor. In order to create a link, you need to know two things:
• The name of the CMS page you are linking from
• The web address of the destination page
Note that the destination page may be another Inside.Mines page, a Mines page under
another virtual host (like http://library.mines.edu), or an offsite resource like http://
google.com or http://cnn.com.
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To begin, log in to the CMS and use the directory tree to navigate to your siteʼs home
directory. Locate the page you would like to create a link on, check it out, and open the
page in the CMS editor.
This tutorial assumes that you have an understanding of basic CMS operation and concepts. If you do not
have a CMS account, don’t know how to navigate to your work area, check out pages, or approve
changes, refer to the Content Management Basics tutorial.
Log in to the CMS, navigate to your departmentʼs folder, ﬁnd the page youʼd like to add a
document link to, check it out, and open it in the CMS editor. In this example, weʼll be working on
the Research departmentʼs Technology Transfer page.
CREATING THE LINK
Use your mouse to select the
content text youʼd like to link,
and click the “Insert/Edit Link”
icon in the WYSIWYG toolbar
to launch the Link box.
The Link box allows you to
specify information about the
hyperlink youʼre creating. You
can change the target,
indicate a CSS class, etc.
Most importantly, the Link
box asks you for a URL.
Select the text youʼd like to link, then click the “Insert/Edit
To link the “contact us” text to
Link” button on the WYSIWYG toolbar. This launches the
the Research departmentʼs
Contact Us page, simply type
the URL of the Contact Us
page into the URL ﬁeld. If you
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have the destination page
open in another browser tab,
you can copy it from the
address bar and paste it
directly into the URL ﬁeld.
Click the “OK” button in the
Link box to complete the
process. Preview, save, and
approve the page as normal.
Be sure to check the link in a
browser to ensure that it is
Supply the URL information in the Link box and click the
RELATIVE URLS VS. FULLY-
If you are creating link to a non-Mines web page or document, you must supply the full
address in order for the link to work. For example, a link to a speciﬁc page on CNNʼs web
site might look like this: http://www.cnn.com/2009/US/11/10/fort.hood.ﬁre.chief/index.html.
If you enter that address into the Link boxʼs URl ﬁeld, the resulting hyperlink will take you
to the correct page on CNNʼs web site.
If, on the other hand, you are linking to one of your own pages, you donʼt need to provide
a fully qualiﬁed URL. Instead, you can enter a relative URL. Continuing the example
above, the fully qualiﬁed address for the Research departmentʼs Contact Us page is
http://research.mines.edu/RES-Contact-Us. If you enter that address into the URL ﬁeld,
the link will work, but it is considered good practice to supply a relative URL for links that
refer to your own pages. In this case, the relative URL is “/RES-Contact-Us” (note that the
beginning “/” character must be included).
In short, you should use relative URLs to create links to pages that you own, and fully-
qualiﬁed URLs in all other cases.
LINKING TO CMS PAGES
Creating a link is easy if you know the destination address, but what if you donʼt? In many
cases, when CMS users create a new page there is no obvious way to determine the
URL, and no click path to get to the page through the live web site.
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The CMS provides an easy way to ﬁnd the URL of any page in the system. Navigate to
the parent directory of any page you have access to. In the “Pages Currently Online” bin,
click the information icon next to any page and an overlay containing the pageʼs relative
URL will appear. You can copy the URL from the overlay and use it to create links to that
Click the information icon next to any page listed in the “Pages Currently Online” bin to reveal its
CREATING MAILTO LINKS
The CMS allows users to create links to email addresses. These types of links
automatically open an email client when clicked, and supply the email address speciﬁed
in the link. To create a mailto
link, run through the normal link
creation process described
above. When the Link box
appears, switch the Link Type
select box to “E-Mail” and supply
an email address in the E-Mail
Address ﬁeld. Click the “OK”
button, preview the page, save,
To create a mailto link, change the Link Type to “E-Mail”
and supply and email address.
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STEP BY STEP: CREATING HYPERLINKS
Start to ﬁnish, this is the procedure used to edit a web page in the CMS. Note that these
steps assume you have not already logged in to the CMS, and have no pages currently
Log in to the CMS, navigate to your site's directory, check out the page you'd like to
create the document link on, and open the page in the CMS editor.
Select the text you'd like to link to the document.
Click the Insert/Edit Link button (it looks like a globe with a chain in front of it). This
should launch the Link box.
In the Link box, type or paste the URL of the destination page.
Click the "OK" button in the Link box to complete the procedure.
Preview and save the page as normal. Be sure to check the link outside of the CMS to
ensure that it is functioning correctly.
Thatʼs it. Always remember to check the modiﬁed page in a browser to ensure the
changes are live and correct.
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